江(jiāng)

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(lóu) (duì)()() (duì)(chuāng)() (hǎi)(duì)(cháng)(jiāng)。*1

(róng) (cháng) (duì) (huì)(zhàng)() (jiǎ) (duì) (yín) (gāng)。*2

(qīng) () (màn)()(yóu) (chuáng)(bǎo)(jiàn) (duì)(jīn) (gāng) *3

(zhōng) (xīn) (ān) (shè)()() (kǒu) () (jiā) (bāng)。*4

(shì) () (zhōng) (xīng) (yán) () (),*5

(jié) (wáng) (shī)(dào) (shā) (lóng) (páng)。 *6

(qiū) () (xiāo) (xiāo)(màn)(làn) (huáng) (huā) (dōu) (mǎn)(jìng)

(chūn) (fēng) (niǎo) (niǎo)() (shū) 绿() (zhú) (zhèng) (yíng) (chuāng)

(jīng) (duì) (pèi)(gài)(duì)(chuáng)() (guó) (duì) () (bāng)

(qiān)(shān)(duì)(wàn)(shuǐ)(jiǔ) () (duì) (sān) (jiāng)。*7

(shān)()()(shuǐ)(cóng)(cóng)()(zhèn)(duì)(zhōng)(zhuàng)。*8

(qīng) (fēng) (shēng) (jiǔ) (shě)(bái) (yuè) (zhào) (shū) (chuāng)

(zhèn) (shàng) (dǎo) () (xīn) (zhòu) (zhàn),*9

(dào) (páng) () (jiàn) () (yīng) (xiáng)。*10

(xià) ()(chí)(táng)(chū) 沿(yán) () () (ōu) (duì)(duì)

(chūn) (fēng) (lián) ()(wǎng) (lái) (yíng) (lěi) (yàn) (shuāng) (shuāng)

(zhū)(duì)(liǎng)(zhǐ)(duì) (shuāng)(huá)(yuè) (duì)(xiāng)(jiāng)

(ūhāo) (chē) (duì)(jìn) ()宿() (huǒ) (duì)hàn) (gāng)。*11

(qīng) (suǒ) ()() (shā) (chuāng)(hàn) (shè) (duì)(zhōu) (bāng)。*12

(shēng) (xiāo) (míng) () ()(zhōng) () (xiǎng) (chuāng) (chuāng)

(zhǔ) 簿() ()(luán) (míng) (yǒu)(lǎn),*13

(zhì) (zhōng) (zhǎn) () (xìng) (wéi) (páng) *14。

() () () (yáng)(xuě) () (cān) () (běi) (hǎi);*15

(zhuāng) (zhōu) (huó) ()(shuǐ) () (jué) () 西()(jiāng)。*16

1. 长江: not the Yangtze River but just mean a long river.

2. 蓉裳: 芙蓉做成的衣裳。Clothes made by lotus flowers, means the luxuriant clothes.

惠帐: 香草做成的帐子。Bed curtain made by a fragrant herb.

斝: 斝是古代的酒器货温酒用,也被用作礼器. It’s a drinking vessel, a vessel to keep the wine warm, also being used as a sacrificial vessel.

3. 釭: 灯盏、烛台candlestick, lamp

幢:帷幕,curtain;

缸: 疑“釭”之误,箭镞,arrowhead.

4. 社稷: 国家。社指祭祀土神的庙,稷指即使谷神的庙,是国家最重要的神庙,所以用以指代国家。Country, “社” means the shrine that worship the God of the Earth, “稷” means the shrine that worship the God of Cereals.

利口覆家邦:利口: 能言善辩的嘴,指清谈误国。Eloquent, empty talk without action endangers the country.

5. 世祖中兴延马武: Shi Zu refers to the Eastern Han Dynasty emperor Liu Xiu. He overthrowed Wang Mang’s usurper so he was called the Reviving Emperor.

马武:字子章, 骁勇善战。刘秀在宴后与马武登上丛台,延期其为将军。马武为云台二十八将之一。 Zi ZiZhang, brave and won lots of battles for Liu Xiu. Liu Xiu and Ma Wu once ascended to Cong Tai(a place) after a dinner and granted Ma Wu to be his General. He is one of the 28 General who made the most important contribution to overthrow Wang Mang and established Eastern Han Dynasty.

6. 桀王:夏朝末代皇帝 the last emperor of Xia Dynasty。

龙逄:即关龙逄。夏桀之忠臣,直言敢谏,不幸为桀所杀。Long Pang is GUAN Long Pang, who is loyal to Jie and always remonstrate candidly to emperor Jie but was killed unfortunately.

7. 九泽: 《吕氏春秋•有始》“九薮:吴之具区,楚之云梦,秦之阳华,晋之大陆,梁之圃田,宋之孟诸,齐之海隅,越之钜鹿,燕之大昭.The nine swamps. Ju Qu in State Wu, Yun Meng in State Chu, Yan Yu in State Qin, Da Lu in State Jin, Pu Tian in Liang, Mengzhe in Song, Hai Yu in Qi, Ju Lu in Yan, Da Zhao in Yan.

8. 三江:说法不一,一种说法为太湖的三条支流,娄江、松江、东江。There are different opinions on this. One opinion refers to Lou Jiang, Song Jiang and Dong Jiang those three branches of Lake Tai (Tai Hu).

9. 阵上倒戈辛纣战: In the battle between King Wu and King Zhou, soldiers of Shang Dynasty surrendered and King Zhou lose the war and made suicide of himself on Lu Tai.

10.道旁系剑子婴降: 刘邦率军逼近咸阳时,秦朝末代国王子婴,以绳系颈,系剑于道旁,素车白马投降。

When Liu Bang’s army approached the capital of Qin Dynasty Xianyang, the last king Ziying tied a rope on his neck, tied a sword on the side of the road, also presented plain carriages and white horses to claim his surrender.

11.朝车:古代君臣行朝夕礼及宴饮时出入用车。Officials and the kings take a carriage when they go for daily ritual and feasts in ancient times.

禁鼓: 设置在宫城谯楼上报时的钟。The drum on the watchtower of the imperial palace, which is used for telling time.

12.青琐闼: 刻有青色连环花纹的宫门。The palace gate engraved with cyan decorative patterns.

13. 主簿栖鸾名有览:《汉书.循吏列传》:东汉仇览字季智,又名香,先为蒲县亭长,后为主簿,以道德教化民众,政绩显著。自称:做鹰鹯不如做鸾凤。当时任考城令的王涣见到后说:枳壳非鸾凤所栖(荆棘之中并非鸾鸟凤凰栖身的地方),并把自己一个月的俸禄送给他表示鼓励。

There was a deputy governor named Qiu Lan in Eastern Han dynasty. He administrated via morality to enlighten the people and got significant success. He said he’d rather to be Luan and Feng (phoenix, representing goodness) than Ying and Zhan. When Wang Huan, the county magistrate of Kao Cheng saw him, saying Luan Feng should stay in a better place and gave him a month’s salary for encouragement.

14. 治中展骥姓惟庞:《三国志.庞统传》载:庞统字士元,是三国时期刘备的谋士,初与诸葛亮齐名,刘备曾以他为来阳令。在县不治事,鲁肃与刘备皆称他不是百里之才,只有使他的官位在治中别驾间,才能展其骥志。Pang Tong in the time of Three Kingdoms was one of Liu Bei’s counselors, who was as famous as Zhu Ge Liang. He was county of Laiyang. Both Lu Su and Liu Bei said he should govern a bigger place and deserve a higher rank.

15. 苏武牧羊, 雪屡餐于北海: 苏武为西汉大臣,出使匈奴时被扣留,后至北海牧羊,渴饮雪水,饥吞毡毛,历尽艰辛,居匈奴十九年,持节不屈。Su Wu was hold in custody and was arranged shepherding at Bei Hai(now the area of Baikal). He drank snow water and ate felt and feather and never surrendered to Xiong Nu.

庄周活鲋水必决于西江:《庄子》载:有一次庄子外出,在一条车辙之中发现一尾鲋鱼,那鱼请求庄子给他一些水以活命,庄子慨然表示要去引西江的水过来救他存活。Zhuang zi met a Fu fish in a wheel rut when he was going out. The fish begged him to give it some water to survive and Zhuang Zi promised to direct the water of Xi Jiang to save it…. (wa hahaha…)

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