三字经-3

yuē huáng dào rì suǒ chán yuē chì dào dāng zhōng quán
曰黄道 日所躔 曰赤道 当中权
【解 释】太阳绕着银河系中心运转为躔,运转的轨道为黄道。在地球中央有一条假想的与地轴垂直的大圆圈,这就是赤道。太阳行走的轨迹叫做黄道,大地所在的平面位 于中间,这个平面叫做赤道。根据古人天圆地方的宇宙观,古人不知道地球是球体,所以古人所说的赤道应该就指的是他们所生活的这个平面。The earth orbits around the sun, and the sun orbits around the Galactic center. The sun’s orbit is called “Zodiac” and there is a big circle and perpendicular to the imaginary center of the earth, which is the equator.
chì dào xià wēn nuǎn jí wǒ zhōng huá zài dōng běi
赤道下 温暖极 我中华 在东北
【解释】在赤道地区,温度最高,气候特别炎热,从赤道向南北两个方向,气温逐渐变低。我们国家是地处地球的东北边。It has the highest temperature in the equatorial region and it’s particularly hot. It becomes cooler from the equator to the north and to the south gradually. Our country is located in the northeast side of the earth.
hán yù jūn shuāng lù gǎi yòu gāo yuán zuǒ dà hǎi
寒燠均 霜露改 右高原 左大海
【解释】我国冷热均匀,霜期和露期会跟着季节而改换,右边是高原,左边是大海。China has evenly temprature. Frost period and dew period changes along with the seasons. In China the plateaus are on the right part and the sea is on the left.
yuē jiāng hé yuē huái jì cǐ sì dú shuǐ zhī jì
曰江河 曰淮济 此四渎 水之纪
【解释】中国是个地大物博的国家,直接流入大海的有长江、黄河、淮河和济水,这四条大河是中国河流的代表。We have the Yangtse River, the Yellow River, the Huai River and the Ji River. These are the representatives of rivers in China.
yuē dài huá hāo héng héng cǐ wǔ yuè shān zhī míng
曰岱华 蒿恒衡 此五岳 山之名
【解释】中国的五大名山,称为“五岳”,就是东岳泰山、西岳华山、中岳蒿山、南岳衡山、北岳恒山,这五座山是中国大山的代表。The five great mountains in China are: Mountain Tai in Shandong, is in the east of China so we call it “Dong(East) Yue(Yue, high mountain)”, Mountain Hua in Shanxi, is called “Xi(West) Yue”, Mountain Song is in Henan, which is in the center and is called “Zhong(middle) Yue”, Mountain Heng(恒) in Shanxi is called“Bei(north) Yue”and Mountain Heng(衡) in Hunan is called “Nan(south) Yue”.
gǔ jiǔ zhōu jīn gǎi zhì chēng xíng shěng sān shí wǔ
古九州 今改制 称行省 三十五
【解释】州:古代行政区域单位名称。 制:制度,有确定规模、法度。 行省:行政区域,简称省。In Qin dynasty, China was devided into nine provinces(Zhou) and later on it was changed to “Sheng”, and in Qing Dynasty there are 35 provinces.
yuē shì nóng yuē gōng shāng cǐ sì mín guó zhī liáng
曰士农 曰工商 此四民 国之良
【解释】知识分子、农民、工人和商人,是国家不可缺少的栋梁,称为四民,这是社会重要的组成部分。Intellectuals, farmers, workers and businessmen are the backbone of the country.
yuē rén yì lǐ zhì xìn cǐ wǔ cháng bù róng wěn
曰仁义 礼智信 此五常 不容紊
【解释】如果所有的人都能以仁、义、礼、智、信这五种不变的法则做为处事做人的标准,社会就会永保祥和,所以每个人都应遵守,不可怠慢疏忽。Benevolence, righteousness, manners, wisdom and credit are the five standards for the art of making one’s life in the world.
dì suǒ shēng yǒu cǎo mù cǐ zhí wù biàn shuǐ lù
地所生 有草木 此植物 遍水陆
【解释】除了人类,在地球上还有花草树木,这些属于植物,在陆地上和水里到处都有。There are plants in this world, some are in the water and some gorw in the soil.
yǒu chóng yú yǒu niǎo shòu cǐ dòng wù néng fēi zǒu
有虫鱼 有鸟兽 此动物 能飞走
【解释】虫、鱼、鸟、兽属于动物,这些动物有的能在天空中飞,有的能在陆地上走,有的能在水里游。Insects, fishes, birds and beasts are animals, some of them can fly and some can walk.
dào liáng shū mài shǔ jì cǐ liù gǔ rén suǒ shí
稻梁菽 麦黍稷 此六谷 人所食
【解释】人类生活中的主食有的来自植物,像稻子、小麦、豆类、玉米和高梁,这些是我们日常生活的重要食品。Rice, spike, millet, wheat, broomcorn millet and grains,these six are food we eat daily.
mǎ niú yáng jī quǎn shǐ cǐ liù chù rén suǒ sì
马牛羊 鸡犬豕 此六畜 人所饲
【解释】在动物中有马、牛、羊、鸡、狗和猪,这叫六畜。这些动物和六谷一样本来都是野生的。后来被人们渐渐驯化后,才成为人类日常生活的必需品。Horses,cattle,sheep,chicken,dogs and pigs are six dommestic animals we raise.
yuē xǐ nù yuē āi jù ài wù yù qī qíng jù
曰喜怒 曰哀惧 爱恶欲 七情俱
【解释】高兴叫作喜,生气叫作哀,害怕叫作惧,心里喜欢叫爱,讨厌叫恶,内心很贪恋叫作欲,合起来叫七情。这是人生下来就有的七种感情。Joy, anger, sadness,fear,love, hate and desire are the seven common human emotions.
qīng chì huáng jí hēi bái cǐ wǔ sè mù suǒ shí
青赤黄 及黑白 此五色 目所识
【解释】青色、黄色、赤色、黑色和白色,这是我国古代传统的五种颜色,是人们的肉眼能够识别的。Green, yellow, red, black and white are the five core colers we can recoganize.
suān kǔ gān jí xīn xián cǐ wǔ wèi kǒu suǒ hán
酸苦甘 及辛咸 此五味 口所含
【解释】在我们平时所吃的食物中,全能用嘴巴分辩出来的,有酸、甜、苦、辣和咸,这五种味道。The five flavors are: sour,bitter,sweet,spicy and salty.
shān jiāo xiāng jí xīng xiǔ cǐ wǔ xiù bí suǒ xiù
膻焦香 及腥朽 此五臭 鼻所嗅
【解释】我们的鼻子可以闻出东西的气味,气味主要有五种,即羊膻味、烧焦味、香味、鱼腥味和腐朽味。The five odors: the smell of mutton,scorching,aroma,fishy and rotten.
páo tǔ gé mù shí jīn yǔ sī zhú nǎi bā yīn
匏土革 木石金 与丝竹 乃八音
【解释】我国古代人把制造乐器的材料,分为八种,即匏瓜、粘土、皮革、木块、石头、金属、丝线与竹子,称为“八音”。eight categories of musical instrument in ancient orchestra (gourd, clay, leather, wood, stone, metal, string and bamboo)
yuē píng shǎng yuē qù rù cǐ sì shēng yí tiáo xié
曰平上 曰去入 此四声 宜调协
【解释】我们的祖先把说话声音的声调分为平、上、去、入四种。四声的运用必须和谐,听起来才能使人舒畅.The four tones of classical Chinese phonetics: level tone, falling-rising tone, falling tone, and entering tone.

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未经允许不得转载:每天学国学 » 三字经-3

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