鱼(yú) (二)

(zhōng) (duì)(shǐ)()(duì)()(duǎn)()(duì)(huá)()

(liù) (cháo)(duì) (sān)(guó)(tiān)()(duì)(shí)()。1

(qiān) ()()()(xíng)(shū)(yǒu)(ruò)(duì)(xiāng)()。2

(huā) (cán)()()(dié)(zǎo)()(yǒu)(qián)()

(luò) ()()(fēng)(gāo)()(xià)

(xiǎo)() ()(shuǐ)(juàn)(hái)(shū)

(ài)(jiàn)(rén) (zhǎng)(gòng)()(xuān)()(xiū)(jià)(gài);3

(kǒng) (zhāng)()(lìn)(shuí)(zhī)(ruǎn)()(jìng)(fén)(chē)

  1. 六朝:三国时吴、东晋,南北朝南朝宋、齐、梁、陈(相继在南京建都,称六朝)。三国指魏蜀吴。Liu Chao: Wu, Dong Jin of the Three Kingdoms, Song, Qi, Liang, Chen of the Southern Dynasties, they all found their capital at Nan Jing. Sanguo means Wei, Shu and Wu.
  2. 天禄:西汉刘向校书的天禄阁。与石渠(西汉萧何藏书籍的楼阁,后汉成帝用来藏珍贵图书)相对。Tian Lu refers to Tian Lu Ge (shaped like a Pavilion) where Liu Xiang proofread the ancient books. Shi qu: the place where Xiao He stored his books.
  3. 千字策:以千字为限的殿试策论,始于唐代,到宋代确定。八行书:指书信,古代信笺每页八行。有若:孔子弟子。相如:指西汉大辞赋家司马相如。

    Qian zi ce: The discourse on politics for the final imperial examination, which limited to 1000 characters, started from Tang and ensured at Song.

    Ba Hang shu: The letter in ancient times has only 8 lines a page.

    You Ruo: Confucius’ disciple.

  4. 假盖:借车盖。孔子将要出门而天下雨了,学生们劝孔子向卜商借车盖。孔子说,我听说要长久地与别人交好,就要表现出他的长处而避开他的短处,卜商比较小气,我向她借车盖,他如果不肯的话,就是他的吝啬的短处表现出来了,所以我不向他借。

    Jia Gai: borrow a hood. In a raining day, Confucius is about to go out but it’s about to rain. His disciples advise that he can borrow a hood from Bu Shang. Confucius said if you want to keep a friendly relationship with others you have to avoid his shortcomings and let him show his good side. BU is stingy and if he doesn’t lend it to me all will know he is mean but if he lend it to me since I am his teacher then he would not feel good, which makes him suffer. Therefore, I don’t borrow things from him.

    焚车:晋代阮裕有好车,只要有人借他都答应。有人母亲死了,想借车却又不敢说,阮裕知道后说,我有车却使人不敢借,要车有什么用呢!就把车烧了。

    Fen Che, Ruan Yu of Jin has a gorgeous carriage. He won’t refuse to lend it to others whenever they ask. Someone’s mother died but he dare not to borrow it. Ruan Yu heard about it and said, I have a carriage but it made others dare not to borrow, what’s the use I still keep it! So he burned it.

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