春(chūn) 对(duì)夏(xià),秋(qiū) 对(duì)冬(dōng),暮(mù) 鼓(gǔ) 对(duì)晨(chén) 钟(zhōng)。

观(guān) 山(shān) 对(duì)玩(wán) 水(shuǐ),绿(lǜ) 竹(zhú) 对(duì)苍(cāng) 松(sōng)。

冯(féng) 妇(fù) 虎(hǔ),叶(yè) 公(gōng) 龙(lóng),舞(wǔ) 蝶(dié) 对(duì) 鸣(míng) 蛩(qióng)。

衔(xián) 泥(ní) 双(shuāng) 紫(zǐ)燕(yàn),课(kè) 蜜(mì)几(jǐ) 黄(huáng) 蜂(fēng)。

春(chūn) 日(rì) 园(yuán) 中(zhōng) 莺(yīng) 恰(qià) 恰(qià),秋(qiū) 天(tiān) 塞(sài)外(wài)雁(yàn) 雍(yōng) 雍(yōng)。

秦(qín) 岭(lǐng) 云(yún) 横(héng),迢(tiáo) 递(dì) 八(bā) 千(qiān) 远(yuǎn) 路(lù);

巫(wū) 山(shān) 雨(yǔ) 洗(xǐ),嵯(cuó) 峨(é) 十(shí) 二(èr) 危(wēi) 峰(fēng)。

明(míng) 对(duì) 暗(àn),淡(dàn) 对(duì) 浓(nóng),上(shàng) 智(zhì)对(duì)中(zhōng) 庸(yōng)。

镜(jìng)奁(lián) 对(duì)衣(yī)笥(sì),野(yě) 杵(chǔ) 对(duì)村(cūn) 舂(chōng)。

花(huā) 灼(zhuó) 烁(shuò),草(cǎo) 蒙(méng) 茸(róng),九(jiǔ) 夏(xià) 对(duì) 三(sān) 冬(dōng)。

台(tái) 高(gāo) 名(míng) 戏(xì) 马(mǎ),斋(zhāi) 小(xiǎo) 号(hào) 蟠(pán) 龙(lóng)。

手(shǒu) 擘(bò) 蟹(xiè) 螯(áo) 从(cóng) 毕(bì)卓(zhuó),身(shēn) 披(pī) 鹤(hè) 氅(chǎng) 自(zì) 王(wáng) 恭(gōng)。

五(wǔ) 老(lǎo) 峰(fēng) 高(gāo),秀(xiù) 插(chā) 云(yún) 霄(xiāo) 如(rú) 玉(yù) 笔(bǐ);

三(sān) 姑(gū) 石(shí) 大(dà),响(xiǎng) 传(chuán) 风(fēng) 雨(yǔ) 若(ruò)金(jīn) 镛(yōng)。

仁( rén) 对(duì)义(yì),让(ràng) 对(duì)恭(gōng),禹(yǔ) 舜(shùn) 对(duì) 羲(xī) 农(nóng)。

雪( xuě) 花(huā) 对(duì) 云(yún) 叶(yè),芍(sháo) 药(yào) 对(duì) 芙(fú) 蓉(róng)。

陈( chén) 后(hòu) 主(zhǔ),汉(hàn) 中(zhōng) 宗(zōng),绣(xiù) 虎(hǔ) 对(duì) 雕(diāo) 龙(lóng)。

柳( liǔ) 塘(táng) 风(fēng) 淡(dàn) 淡(dàn),花(huā) 圃(pǔ) 月(yuè) 浓(nóng) 浓(nóng)。

春( chūn) 日(rì) 正(zhèng) 宜(yí)朝(cháo) 看(kàn) 蝶(dié),秋(qiū) 风(fēng) 那(nà) 更(gèng) 夜(yè) 闻(wén) 蛩(qióng)。

战( zhàn) 士(shì)邀(yāo) 功(gōng),必(bì)借(jiè) 干(gān) 戈(gē) 成(chéng) 勇(yǒng) 武(wǔ);

逸( yì)民(mín) 适(shì)志(zhì),须(xū) 凭(píng) 诗(shī)酒(jiǔ) 养(yǎng) 踈(zhèng)(同(tóng):疏(shū))慵(yōng)。

1. 冯妇虎,叶公龙:”晋人有冯妇者,善博虎,卒为善士…”见《孟子·尽心下》. Feng Fu Hu – During the Warring States Period, there was a Shi called Feng Fu, who defeated tigers for many times and he was quite goob at it. But later on he stopped to figh tigers beacuse he chose to be a Shanshi who had high standards on morality. Ye Gong Long:Ye Gong claimed he likes Dragon but the truth is he is just talking about it…

2. 恰恰、雍雍: tweedle of the birds

3. 秦岭:Hills in Shaanxi, the devision of Sourth and North china.

4. 戏马台:It’s in South of Tongshan District, Xuzhou. It’s said that Xiang Yu rode here for entertainment.

5. 蟠龙斋: Da Si ma(an official title, equals to a minister nowadays) Heng Wen’s son Heng Xuan had a study in Nanzhou and the study was painted full of dragons, so it was called Pan Long Zhai(Pan – curl, long- dragon, Zhai-house/room).

6. 手擘蟹螯从毕卓, 身披鹤氅自王恭:

Bi Zhuo was very fond of alcohol and was called the Bacchus. He said he’d rather having a life of holding crab claw in one hand and another holding a glass of wine, floating in the wine sea.

Wang Gong: He was saw wearing a coat made by crane’s feather going somewhere in a carriage in the light snow, which seems like a celestial being.

7. 五老峰: In South-east of Lushan, Jiangxi Province, shaped like five elders.

8. 三姑石:in Wu Yi Mountain.

9. 金镛: Big copper bell, is a percussion instrument in the ancient time.

10. 绣虎:《类说》卷四引《玉箱杂记》:”曹植七步成章,号绣虎。”绣,谓其词华丽隽美;虎,谓其才气雄杰,诗文风骨遒劲。后遂以”绣虎”称擅长诗文﹑词藻华丽者。Cao Zhi was called Xiuhu because his poems are gorgeous and beautiful (Xiu), and the style is also powerful and vigorous (hu). Later on, this word refers to the ones who are expert in poems, especially with rhetoric style.

11. 雕龙:比喻善于修饰文辞或刻意雕琢文字, means skillful at wording and polishing the words.

12. 逸民: 隐士 hermits.

来源:公众微信:每天学国学  Lina/文

未经允许不得转载:每天学国学 » 冬(dōng)

赞 (0)
分享到:更多 ()

评论 6


登陆 注册
  1. 111好!
  2. ugg stivali 2014Fastidious replies in return of this question with real arguments and telling all about that.
  3. north face backpack lubbockHey, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your blog site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, excellent blog!
  4. moncler piumini primavera estate 2012Good day very cool site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally? I'm satisfied to search out numerous useful info right here within the submit, we want work out more techniques in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .
  5. chaquetas north face bogota localYou actually make it seem so easy together with your presentation but I find this matter to be really one thing which I believe I might never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and extremely extensive for me. I'm having a look ahead to your next submit, I'll try to get the dangle of it!
  6. 荷兰网不错的文章,内容才思敏捷.