三字经 -2

yī ér shí shí ér bǎi bǎi ér qiān qiān ér wàn
一而十 十而百 百而千 千而万
【解释】我国采用十进位算术方法:一到十是基本的数字,然后十个十是一百,十个一百是一千,十个一千是一万……一直变化下去。Decimalism is adopted in China: one to ten is primary, next is one hundred, then one thousand, ten thousand, and so on.
sān cái zhě tiān dì rén sān guāng zhě rì yuè xīng
三才者 天地人 三光者 日月星
【解释】还应该知道一些日常生活常识,如什么叫“三才”?三才指的是天、地、人三个方面。什么叫“三光”呢?三光就是太阳、月亮、星星。Cai, means forces, power: the heaven, the earth and human being, Guang: luminaries, the sun, the moon and the stars.
sān gāng zhě jūn chén yì fù zǐ qīn fū fù shùn
三纲者 君臣义 父子亲 夫妇顺
【解释】什么是“三纲”呢?三纲是人与人之间关系应该遵守的三个行为准则,就是君王与臣子的言行要合乎义理,父母子女之间相亲相爱,夫妻之间和顺相处。the three principal bondings, are the obligation between soverign and subject, the love between father and child, the harmony between husband and wife.
yuē chūn xià yuē qiū dōng cǐ sì shí yùn bù qióng
曰春夏 曰秋冬 此四时 运不穷
【解释】一年有春、夏、秋、冬四季。这四时季节不断变化,春去夏来,秋去冬来,如此循环往复,永不停止。There are four seasons in a year: spring, summer, autumn and winter. They revolve without ceasing.
yuē nán běi yuē xī dōng cǐ sì fāng yìng hū zhōng
曰南北 曰西东 此四方 应乎中
【解释】东、南、西、北,是四面的方位,叫作“四方”。这四个方位对应存在,与中间点相呼应。There are four orientations: east, south, west and north, and there must be a center to locate the four orientations.
yuē shuǐ huǒ mù jīn tǔ cǐ wǔ háng běn hū shù
曰水火 木金土 此五行 本乎数
【解释】至于说到“五行”,那就是金、木、水、火、土。这是中国古代用来指宇宙各种事物的抽象概念,是根据一、二、三、四、五这五个数字和组合变化而产生的。Water, fire, wood,metal and earth are the five elements, derived from 1-5 numbers.
shí gān zhě jiǎ zhì guǐ shí èr zhī zǐ zhì hài
十干者 甲至癸 十二支 子至亥
【解释】“十干”指的是甲、乙、丙、丁、戊、己、庚辛、壬、癸,又叫“天干”;“十二支”指的是子、丑、寅、卯、辰、巳、午、未、申、酉、戌、亥,又叫“地支”,是古代记时的标记。The 10 heavenly stems are Jia, Yi, Bing, Ding, Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui; the 12 earthly branches are Zi, Chou, Yin, Mao, Chen, Si, Wu, Wei, Shen, You, Xu and Hai). Chinese people used Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches (collectively known as Stem-Branch or Gan-Zhi to record the years, months, days and hours.

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  1. shzsfy十干”指的是甲、乙、丙、丁、戊、己、庚辛、壬、癸,又叫“天干”;“十二支”指的是子、丑、寅、卯、辰、巳、午、未、申、酉、戌、亥,又叫“地支”,是古代记时的标记。
  2. 荷兰网好文章,内容文从字顺.
  3. 荷兰网好文章,内容笔下生辉.