鱼(yú)

国学

  无(wú) 对(duì)有(yǒu),实(shí)对(duì)虚(xū),作(zuò)赋(fù)对(duì)观(guān)书(shū)。

绿(lǜ) 窗(chuāng)对(duì)朱(zhū)户(hù),宝(bǎo)马(mǎ)对(duì)香(xiāng)车(chē)。1

伯(bó) 乐(lè)马(mǎ),浩(hào) 然(rán)驴(lǘ),弋(yì)雁(yàn) 对(duì)求(qiú)鱼(yú)。2

分(fēn)金(jīn) 齐(qí)鲍(bào) 叔(shū),奉(fèng)璧(bì)蔺(lìn) 相(xiāng)如(rú)。3

掷(zhì)地(dì)金(jīn) 声(shēng)孙(sūn)绰(chuò) 赋(fù),4

回(huí) 文(wén)锦(jǐn)字(zì)窦(dòu) 滔(tāo) 书(shū)。5

未(wèi) 遇(yù)殷(yīn) 宗(zōng),胥(xū) 靡(mí) 困(kùn)傅(fù)岩(yán)之(zhī)筑(zhù);6

既(jì)逢(féng)周(zhōu) 后(hòu),太(tài)公(gōng)舍(shě)渭(wèi)水(shuǐ)之(zhī)渔(yú)。 7

绿窗:绿色纱窗。指女子居室。唐李绅《莺莺歌》:“緑窗娇女字鶯鶯,金雀婭鬟年十七。”前蜀韦庄《菩萨蛮》词:“劝我早归家,緑窗人似花。”宋张先《贺圣朝》词:“爱来书幌緑窗前,半和娇笑。”元王实甫《西厢记》第二本第三折:“绣帘风细,緑窗人静。”或指贫女的居室。与红楼相对,红楼为富家女子居室。唐白居易《秦中吟?议婚》:“红楼富家女,金缕绣罗襦……緑窗贫家女,寂寞二十餘。” Lv Chuang refers to a female’s room.朱户:古代帝王赏赐诸侯或有功大臣的朱红色的大门,古为“九锡”之一种。 Zhuhu:a duke or a minister’s home.《韩诗外传》卷八:“诸侯之有德,天子锡之。一锡车马,再锡衣服……六锡朱户。”《汉书?王莽传上》:“於是莽稽首再拜,受緑韍袞冕衣裳……九命青玉珪二,朱户、纳陛。”或可泛指朱红色大门。宋柳永《西江月》词:“凤头绣帘高卷,兽鐶朱户频摇。”明刘基《小重山》词:“娟娟斜倚凤凰楼,窥朱户,应自半含羞。”指富贵人家。晋葛洪《抱朴子?畅玄》:“怡颜丰柯之下,而朱户变为绳枢。”唐李绅《过吴门二十四韵》:“朱户千家室,丹楹百处楼。”南唐冯延巳《虞美人》词:“碧波朱户垂帘暮,帘下鸎鸎语。”

宝马:名贵的骏马。 A rare horse.《史记?大宛列传》:“贰师马,宛宝马也。”唐张说《安乐郡主花烛行》:“商女香草珠结网,天人宝马玉繁缨。”黄钧《锦城纪游》诗:“将军雄武气纵横,宝马雕弓出锦城。”

香车:用香木做的车。泛指华美的车或轿。A gorgeous cart or sedan. 唐卢照邻《行路难》诗:“春景春风花似雪,香车玉轝恒闐咽。”明沉德符《野获编?妇女?黄取吾兵部》:“其妾甫及门,则女奴数辈竟拥香车入司马曲房。”《清平山堂话本?洛阳三怪记》:“坐的轿谓之‘香车’。”清富察敦崇《燕京岁时记?破五》:“春日融和,春泥滑澾,香车绣幰,塞巷填衢。用珠宝之类装饰马勒。香车,古代用香木做的车。

伯乐:春秋时相马家,姓孙名杨。Bo le,Mr. Sun Yang who is a master who can tell a good horse.浩然:唐朝诗人孟浩然,相传他曾骑驴冒雪寻梅。Haoran, a famous poet in Tang Dynasty, it says that he looked for plums riding on a donkey.

弋雁:用带有绳子的箭射鸟。Yi: Shoot birds by using arrows with strings.

分金齐鲍叔:春秋齐国的鲍叔牙曾与朋友管仲合伙经商,管仲因家贫而多拿一些利润,鲍叔牙不计较。分金:分利润。Fenjin: share profit. Bao Shuya and Guanzhong did business together. Guang Zhong got more profits due to his family was poor and Bao Shuya didn’t object.孙绰:晋代人,曾做《天台山赋》,对人夸口说,此文掷地有金石之声。Sun Zhuo wrote “Poem of Tian Tai ” and boasted that this poem was very graceful just like metal and stone’s sound when they fall on the floor.

锦字:锦缎上的文字。Jinzi, characters on brocade. 窦滔:东晋时曾任秦州刺史,后徙流沙。他的妻子苏惠因思念而在锦缎上织成回文诗寄赠,词甚凄婉。When Dou Tao moved to Liu Sha, his wife wrote a poem to him on a brocade to express her missing.

殷宗:殷高宗武丁。Yin Zong: Gao zong of Yin Dynasty, Wu Ding.

胥靡:古代对奴隶的一种称谓,用绳索牵连着强迫服役。此指曾受此刑的傅说。傅岩:古地名,相传傅说曾在此筑墙,后武丁遇到他,尊他为相。Xumi, a title for male slave in ancient times. Here refers to Fu shuo, who was building walls when Wu Ding met him. Later on, he became the Prime minister.

周后:周文王姬昌。渭水:在今陕西省,相传姜太公曾在这里钓鱼,周文王遇见他,尊他为国师。Zhou hou: Ji Chang, King Wen of Zhou. When Jiang Taigong was fishing at Wei Shui, he met King Wen of Zhou and was honored as the Prime minister.

未经允许不得转载:每天学国学 » 鱼(yú)

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