支(zhī)(二)

道德经

行(xíng)对(duì)止(zhǐ),速(sù) 对(duì)迟(chí),舞(wǔ)剑(jiàn) 对(duì) 围(wéi) 棋(qí)。

花(huā) 笺(jiān) 对(duì)草(cǎo)字(zì),竹(zhú) 简(jiǎn) 对(duì) 毛(máo) 锥(zhuī)。

A. 汾(fén) 水(shuǐ)鼎(dǐng),岘(xiàn) 山(shān) 碑(bēi),虎(hǔ) 豹(bào)对(duì)熊(xióng) 罴(pí)。

B. 花(huā) 开(kāi) 红(hóng) 锦(jǐn) 绣(xiù),水(shuǐ) 漾(yàng) 碧(bì) 琉(liú) 璃(lí)。

去(qù) 妇(fù) 因(yīn) 探(tàn) 邻(lín) 舍(shě) 枣(zǎo),出(chū) 妻(qī) 为(wéi) 种(zhòng) 后(hòu) 园(yuán) 葵(kuí)。3

笛(dí) 韵(yùn) 和(hé) 谐(xié),仙(xiān) 管(guǎn) 恰(qià) 从(cóng) 云(yún) 里(lǐ) 降(jiàng);

橹(lǔ) 声(shēng) 咿(yī) 轧(yà),渔(yú) 舟(zhōu) 正(zhèng) 向(xiàng) 雪(xuě) 中(zhōng) 移(yí)。

1.

a) 花笺:精致华美的笺纸。本指狭条形小竹片,古代无纸,用简策,有所表识,削竹为小笺,系之于简。南朝陈,徐陵《<玉台新咏>序》:“三臺妙迹,龙伸蠖屈之书;五色花笺,河北胶东之纸。”宋孙光宪《河传》词:“襞花笺,艳思牵,成篇。” Exquisite and superb writing paper.

b) 草字:草书。(in Chinese calligraphy) charactersexecuted swiftly and with strokes flowing together; rapid cursive style ofwriting; grass writing; cursive script.

c) 竹简:古时无纸书皆刻于竹简(竹片)之上,因此称书为竹简。There is no paper in ancient times so they write on bamboo slips and “book”was called “Zhu Jian (banboo slips)”.

d) 毛锥:指毛笔。《五代史》:宏肇曰:安朝廷定祸乱,直须大剑长槍,若毛锥子,奚用哉?Brush pen.

2.

a) 汾水鼎:《史记.孝武本纪》载有:汉武帝曾得宝鼎于汾水,并因此改年号为“元鼎”。年号,是中国及日本古代帝王使用当政的标志,除了是用于纪年以外,另外还表示祈福、歌颂和改朝换代。确切地说,中国年号始于周朝的共和时期,约纪元前841年至纪元前828年期间,由周朝宗室召穆公、周定公共同执政,史学家称之为共和执政。但其后周朝的姬姓天王们没有继续延用。所以,年号真正使用的开创制度,当发源于中国汉朝皇帝汉武帝刘彻,年号建元。从此在中国长达二千年之久的封建王朝一直延用,至清朝最后一位皇帝爱新觉罗溥仪,年号宣统。Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty got a Ding at FenShui so change his Nianhao(the title of his reign ) to “yuan ding(BC.116-BC111)”.

b) 岘山碑:西晋大臣羊祜死后葬于岘山,岘山碑就是堕泪碑。It’s the Duo Lei Bei in “支(一)”, see note 6. Yang Hu liked to visit XianShan and it was built on Xian Shan.

c) 熊罴:熊和罴。皆为猛兽。因以喻勇士或雄师劲旅。唐杨炯《唐右将军魏哲神道碑》:“胜残去杀,上冯宗庙之威;禁暴戢姦,下藉熊羆之用。”元朱守谅《秋夜偶成》诗:“暂止熊羆消大暑,秋深云合殄妖氛。 Bear and Siberian brown bear.

3.

a) 去妇因探邻舍枣:《汉书.王吉传》:汉朝王吉的邻居种有枣树,枣树生长茂盛垂挂到王吉的庭园,王吉之妻采了几个枣子吃,王吉认为是偷盗欲休妻,邻居闻知后便欲砍树。后经邻里调解夫妇重归于好。In Han dynasty, Wang Ji’s wife picked some dates from the neighbor’s tree which was so flourishing and some branched over to WangJi’s garden. Wang Ji thought it’s steal and want to divorce his wife. The neighbor said he would rather cut down the tree if Wang Ji ask his wife to go. Finally the couple reconciled after neighbors’ mediation.

b) 出妻为种后园葵:《史记.循吏列传》:春秋时期公仪休为鲁国相,其妻在后园种葵菜,又见妻子在纺织,曰:欲夺园夫红女之利乎?。于是怒而拔去葵菜,并休妻。(神经病的老祖宗。。)Gong Sun Yi, the prime minister of the State of Lu in the Spring and Autumn Period, divorced his wife because he thought his wife was wrong to plant vegetables and spinning herself since these would bring loss to the gardners and the weavers to compete with them.

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